Tuesday, June 11, 2019

Stem cell research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Stem cell - Research Paper ExampleAdult kibosh cells or somatic stem cells are multipotent cells that function as an internal repair system lifelong in some organs such as the gut and chock up marrow, to replenish damaged cells (Pessina and Gribaldo, 2006). The characteristic ability of the stem cells to renew themselves continuously for long periods and differentiate into specific cell types under appropriate conditions (Zhong, 2008) make them honorable candidates for cell-based therapies in regenerative or reparative medicine. Customarily, although inappropriately, the term stem-cell question is used in intelligence reports and political debates to discuss all scientific query involving stem cells. There is no controversy about research involving adult stem cells that are obtained from bone marrow, or the umbilical cord-cord stem cells taken from the residual blood found in the umbilical cord after delivery of the baby, or the stem cells chip in in the amniotic fluid. Howeve r, it is the research on and application of ESCs for clinical use that has led to a raging controversy both on the basis of religious beliefs and for political brownie points. Scientifically, too, ESC therapy is not all hunky-dory. For instance, it has not been possible yet to consistently view the growth of ESCs. Also, the interactions of ESCs with other cells have been known to cause erratic growth patterns, including tumors, and tissue rejection responses (Repair Stem Cells Institute, 2009). The Catholic Church has supported adult and umbilical-cord stem-cell research exactly is vehemently opposed to embryonic stem cells being used for research based on religious beliefs. The main reasons for the opposition of the Catholic Church to ESC research as described by The Pontifical Academy for Life (2000) are (1) The only way in which ESCs can be isolated at present involves the destruction of an unimplanted blastocyst-stage embryo at the sixth to eighth day of development. The isola tion of the inner cell mass (ICM) of the blastocyst for the preparation of embryonic stem cells is equal to destruction of the embryo hence, the Church considers that a gravely immoral, and consequently, a gravely illegitimate act (2) producing cloned human embryos and then destroying them in order to harvest ESCs is considered illicit and (3) the use of embryonic stem-cell lines that already exist for research is also equal to destruction of innocent human life and, hence, immoral. Although the highly dramatized versions appearing in news reports of the possibility of growing whole organs from stem cells in petri dishes sounds amazing, it is more science fiction than reality. However, from a cell and developmental biology standpoint, ESC research is highly important. Scientists working on the application of stem cells to the medical field have been greatly worried, though, since stem cell research has suffered great harm on line of lack of accessible or quality stem cell lines. Following the ban by the U.S. federal government of embryonic stem cell research in August 2001, only those stem cell lines that came into existence before August 9, 2001 remained unconstrained by the ban. However, those cell lines have become possibly

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